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Full meaning of ND and OND, HND and PGD, MBA and PhD

Full meaning of ND and OND, HND and PGD, MBA and PhD

In this post , we will be discussing the full meaning of all school related acronyms such as ND, HND, NCE, OND, PGD, MBA, PhD, PGDM, etc.

Sometimes, a frequently used words usually get shortened, for example, Dr. for Doctor, Prof for Professor, HND for Higher National Diploma, etc. Want to know the full meaning of all educational obtainable certificates? In this post, we will explain them to you and the duration or years students should spend to obtain them.

The journey of education stops at PhD which stands for Doctor of Philosophy. After a PhD, you may have PhD post-doc position or some Visiting Scientist positions in some Universities.

What is more important after finishing your PhD program is that you must remain more active and productive to achieve your Professor grade which is more indicative.

Read this also: list of all courses offered in Polytechnic and their requirements.

Now, let’s start discussing the full meaning of ND and OND and others with their respective years to spend to obtain them.

Full meaning of ND and OND and other certificates

Certificate NameMeaning
NDNational Diploma
ONDOrdinary National Diploma
NCENational Certificate in Education
HNDHigher National Diploma
PGDPostgraduate Diploma
MBAMaster of Business Administration
PGDMPost Graduate Diploma in Management
B.scBachelor of Science
 B. EdBachelor of Education
B. AgricBachelor of Agric
B. PharmBachelor of Pharmacy
MBBSBachelor of Medicine, Bachelor of Surgery
LLBBachelor of Laws
BSNBachelor of Science in Nursing
SATScholastic Assessment Test
GMATGraduate Management Admission Test
ACTAmerican College Test
WASCEWest African Secondary Certificate Examination
JAMBJoint Admission and Matriculation Board
 IJMBInterim Joints Matriculation Board
JUPEBJoint Universities Preliminary Examination Board

See this also: list and explanation of all courses, faculties and departments offered in FUTMINNA in 2022.

Differences between OND and ND

Currently, Ordinary National Diploma (OND) has been changed to National Diploma (ND) which can only be awarded by the polytechnic. Click here the list of all approved polytechnics in Nigeria.

OND and ND certificate are equivalent which a students that study in polytechnic for a two years course will be awarded with and it can can be used to seek for admission into Higher National Diploma or 200 level admission into the university on a direct entry mode.

How to use ND or OND to seek admission in Nigeria

To gain direct entry admission into the university with ND awarded certificate, you must buy JAMB direct entry form and take part in the post UTME or admission screening exercise of the school of your choice.

If you pass, you’ll be offered admission into 200 level in the university of your choice with proposed course by JAMB and the school.

When you complete your 2-year ND course at any polytechnic, you’re awarded ND. This serves as the prerequisite to further your education at a university through JAMB direct entry admission (as earlier explained).

You can also further to another level at your polytechnic or any other. This level is called HND. HND is also run for two years as well.

Whereas, it’s being proposed that Nigerian polytechnics will henceforth be limited to the award of ND only. Hence, candidates who wish to study further can obtain the JAMB Direct Entry form and cross to universities – where they continue from the 200 level.

Now, after completing your HND program, you can decide to get a job or further your education in the university to obtain PGD. Please note that with HND, you can’t go for Master’s degree directly, hence, PGD must be obtained first.

Meanwhile, PGD stands for Post Graduate Diploma. The first and basic difference between the PGD and Master’s degree is that the MBA is a Degree program whereas a PGD is a diploma program.

Duration for a PGD programme depends on specific schools and courses. It ranges from a year to two. The shortest time would not be less than 9 months.

The duration for a PGD is also dependent types of study, full time, part time, sandwish or distance learning. Do note that unlike M.Phil., PGD is a terminal programme, except in rare cases. Admission for a Masters degree is not automatic, and the prospective student needs to apply formally.

An MBA program also popularly called Master’s degree is offered by a government or private university or a college affiliated with a university.

To put it in simple terms, MBA refers to a management degree issued by a University and PGDM refers to Post Graduate Diploma in Management offered by a private college or a fully NUC licensed university. Apart from this, there is no major difference between MBA and PGDM.

There are many PGD programmes in virtually every course of study, but the most popular seems to be the postgraduate diploma in education (PGDE). This is necessary for all who desire to become a teacher or lecturer at any level (primary – university) but did not study education.

There are also PGD in Journalism, PGD in Engineering, PGD in some medical fields and PGD in Business Administration, Marketing, Finance, Economics, etc.

In Nigeria, PGD is required for HND (Higher National Diploma) graduate by some University before proceeding for a Masters programme.

See this also: list and explanation of famous Nigerian Engineers since decades till 2022.

Full meaning of HND and how it works

HND stands for Higher National Diploma. It is the award given to a polytechnic graduate after completing a 2-year National Diploma, 1 or 2 years Industrial Training (IT)

Please note that gaining admission to run an HND program, it doesn’t require writing Post UTME again or obtaining the JAMB direct entry form. In this way, applicants are only to take part in the school’s organized entrance test and interview or screening.


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Read this also: list and location of private Polytechnics in Nigeria across all 36 states.

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4 thoughts on “Full meaning of ND and OND, HND and PGD, MBA and PhD”

  1. Good day sir

    Please sir can you help me with the courses and their course content in electrical electronics engineering in Polytechnic.

    Please send it via my Facebook messenger

    Bazunu Adjosho

    Thank you sir

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