Computer is a device which everybody is using to promote the business nowadays. From physical business to digital business, computer must be used for quality and fast outcome. Sometimes, our computer gets fault, right? And a question may come to mind ”what are the most used tools and equipment for computer maintenance?”.
If you are aspiring to establish a computer engineering shop and searching for the must-have tools and equipment in your workshop for easily and professionally carrying out computer repairing work, then read this article as every type of tool and equipment are listed and explained here.
Or are you a student as just being asked to list and explain computer maintenance tools and equipment and searching for the best answer?
Now, let’s start to discuss computer maintenance tools and equipment.
For computer repairing/maintenance work to successfully carefully carry out in the workshop, engineers have to have hardware, software, etc. tools/equipment.
Gladly, here we have categorized the tools/equipment for computer maintenance into software, hardware, hand tool, etc. and also explain their uses or area of application. If you really want to know the list of tools used in standard computer workshop, then let’s start discussing them right away.
List and explanation of tools and equipment used in computer workshop
1. Hand tools
Most tools used in computer maintenance workshop are hand tools or simple machine. Some frequently used computer maintenance hand tools found in computer engineering workshop are:
|Tweezers||Used to manipulate small parts.|
|Flashlight||Used to light up areas that you cannot see well.|
|Flat-head screwdriver||Used to tighten or loosen slotted screws.|
|Hex driver||Used to tighten or loosen nuts in the same way that a screwdriver tightens or loosens screws (sometimes called a nut driver).|
|Wire stripper||A wire stripper is used to remove the insulation from wire so that it can be twisted to other wires or crimped to connectors to make a cable.|
|Torx screwdriver||Used to tighten or loosen screws that have a star-like depression on the top, a feature that is mainly found on laptops.|
|Punch-down tool||Used to terminate wire into termination blocks. Some cable connectors must be connected to cables using a punch down tool.|
|Crimper||Used to attach connectors to wires.|
|Part retriever||Used to retrieve parts from locations that are too small for your hand to fit.|
|Needle-nose pliers||Used to hold small parts.|
|Phillips-head screwdriver||Used to tighten or loosen cross-headed screws.|
|Wire cutters||Used to strip and cut wires.|
More hand tools are:
- Phillips Screwdriver.
- Zip Ties.
- Hex Driver.
- Isopropyl Alcohol.
- Lint-Free Cloth.
- Cotton Swabs.
- New Plastic Zip Bags.
- Grounding Strap.
- Canned Air or a Vacuum.
- Prebuilt Tool Kits.
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2. Cleaning tools
In computer maintenance engineering workshop, it is necessary to have appropriate cleaning tools. The appropriate cleaning tools ensures that computer components are not damaged during cleaning. Some cleaning tools used in computer engineering workshop include the following:
- Soft cloth: Used to clean different computer components without scratching or leaving debris.
- Compressed air: Used to blow away dust and debris from different computer parts without touching the components.
- Cable ties: Used to bundle cables neatly inside and outside of a computer.
- Parts organizer: Used to hold screws, jumpers, fasteners, and other small parts and prevents them from getting mixed together.
3. Diagnostic tools
In computer maintenance workshop, the availability of diagnostic tools is very essential in order to test and diagnose equipment and computer before carrying out the repairing. Some diagnostic tools include the following:
- Digital multimeter: a device that can take many types of measurements. It tests the integrity of circuits and the quality of electricity in computer components. A digital multimeter displays the information on an LCD or LED.
- A loopback adapter: also called a loopback plug, tests the basic functionality of computer ports. The adapter is specific to the port that you want to test.
- The toner probe: a two-part tool. The toner part is connected to a cable at one end using specific adapters, such as an RJ-45, coaxial, or metal clips. The toner generates a tone that travels the length of the cable. The probe part traces the cable. When the probe is in near proximity to the cable to which the toner is attached, the tone can be heard through a speaker in the probe.
4. Protection software tools
Computer engineers and scientists detect that viruses, spyware, and other types of malicious attacks infect millions of computers. These attacks can damage operating systems, applications, and data.
To maintain data and the integrity of the operating system and hardware, use software designed to guard against attacks and to remove malicious programs.
Now, some protection software tools used in computer maintenance or engineering workshop are
- Windows 7 Action Center: Checks the status of essential security settings. The Action Center continuously checks to make sure that the software firewall and antivirus programs are running. It also ensures that automatic updates download and install automatically.
- Antivirus program: Protects against virus attacks.
- Antispyware program: Protects against software that sends information about web surfing habits to an attacker. Spyware can be installed without the knowledge or consent of the user.
- Window 7 Firewall: Runs continuously to protect against unauthorized communications to and from your computer.
5. Disk management tools
Disk management tools are a software tools help in diagnosing computer and network problems and determine which computer device is not functioning correctly. A technician must be able to use a range of software tools to diagnose problems, maintain hardware, and protect the data stored on a computer.
You must be able to identify which software to use in different situations. Disk management tools help detect and correct disk errors, prepare a disk for data storage, and remove unwanted files.
The following are some disk management tools used or found in computer maintenance workshop:
- FDISK: A command-line tool that creates and deletes partitions on a hard drive. The FDISK tool is not available in Windows XP, Vista, or 7. It has been replaced with the Disk Management tool.
- Disk Management Tool: Initializes disks, creates partitions, and formats partitions.
- Format: Prepares a hard drive to store information.
- ScanDisk or CHKDSK: Checks the integrity of files and folders on a hard drive by scanning the file system. These tools might also check the disk surface for physical errors.
- Defrag: Optimizes space on a hard drive to allow faster access to programs and data.
- Disk Cleanup: Clears space on a hard drive by searching for files that can be safely deleted.
- System File Checker (SFC): A command-line tool that scans the operating system critical files and replaces files that are corrupted.
6. Reference tools
A good computer maintenance workshop must have a tool to use as a reference, example, journal or note making. You can also keep your reference in excel micro soft.
1. Notes: Make notes as you go through the troubleshooting and repair process. Refer to these notes to avoid repeating previous steps and to determine what steps to take next.
2. Journal: Document the upgrades and repairs that you perform. Include descriptions of the problem, possible solutions that have been tried to correct the problem, and the steps taken to repair the problem. Note any configuration changes made to the equipment and any replacement parts used in the repair. Your journal, along with your notes, can be valuable when you encounter similar situations in the future.
3. History of repairs: Make a detailed list of problems and repairs, including the date, replacement parts, and customer information. The history allows a technician to determine what work has been performed on a specific computer in the past.
In this post, we tried to list and explain the uses or functions of most used computer maintenance tools and equipment found in the workshop, do you assume the top essential one(s) we forgot to show and discuss? Please let’s hear you via the comment section or contact form.
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- Cisco Press (Website: www.ciscopress.com).
- Life Wire (Website: www.lifewire.com | Author: Mark Kyrnin | Date: October 21, 2021).
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