Political parties in USA: their roles, how many they are, etc.

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Today, United States of America (USA) is a multi-party nation. Indeed, the Democratic Party and the Republican Party in USA are the most powerful. In this article, we will discuss political parties in USA.

The United States of America (USA) has two categories of political parties; electoral and non-electoral party.

Electoral political parties in USA are a party that generally do nominate candidates for election while non-electoral parties do not but they otherwise function similarly.

In recent U.S. political history, political behavior correlates with the urban–rural political divide; whereby more voters living in urban areas gravitate towards the Democratic Party, voters living in more rural areas gravitate towards the Republican Party, whilst suburban electoral districts are battleground marginal seats which also influence the outcomes of battleground swing states in the Electoral College system of United States presidential elections.

Now, let’s start!!

List of all political parties in USA

The First Political Party in United States featured the “Federalist Party” and the “Anti-federalist Party” which then became known as the “Democratic-Republican Party” and was sometimes called “Jeffersonian Republican”.

Now, the following are the discussions of US political parties!!

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Two major political parties

The two major political parties in United State of America are:

  • The Democratic Party: This is one of the two major contemporary political parties in the United States. It was founded in 1828 by supporters of Andrew Jackson, making it the world’s oldest active political party.
  • The Republican Party: Also referred to as the GOP, is one of the two major, contemporary political parties in the United States, along with its main historic rival, the Democratic Party.

Political parties represented in state legislatures

Party nameYear founded
New Progressive Party1967
Popular Democratic Party1938
Citizens’ Victory Movement2019
Puerto Rican Independence Party1946
Project Dignity2019

Parties represented in Puerto Rican legislature

Party nameYear founded
Libertarian Party1971
Vermont Progressive Party1981
Independent Party of Oregon2007
Independence Party of New York1991

Parties that are not represented in Congress, state legislatures, or territorial legislatures

Party nameYear founded
Green Party of Alaska1990
Green Party of Rhode Island1992
Minnesota Democratic–Farmer–Labor Party1944
United Independent Party2014
Washington Progressive Party2002
Aloha ʻĀina Party2015
American Freedom Party2009
American Independent Party1967
American Solidarity Party2011
Approval Voting Party2016
California National Party2015
Charter Party1924
Christian Liberty Party2000
Citizens Party of the United States2004
Conservative Party of New York State1962
Constitution Party1992
Ecology Party of Florida2008
Freedom Socialist Party1966
Grassroots—Legalize Cannabis Party1986
Alliance Party2019
Green Party2001
Humane Party2009
Alaskan Independence Party1978
Independent Party of Delaware2000
Independent Party of Florida1993
Independent Citizens Movement1968
Independent Greens of Virginia2005
Justice Party2011
Labor Party1996
Legal Marijuana Now Party1998
Liberal Party of New York1944
Green Mountain Peace and Justice Party1970
U.S. Marijuana Party2002
Moderate Party of Rhode Island2007
Natural Law Party1992
Peace and Freedom Party1967
United States Pirate Party2006
Oregon Progressive Party2007
Progressive Dane1992
Prohibition Party1869
Reform Party1995
Rent Is Too Damn High Party2005
Serve America Movement2017
Party for Socialism and Liberation2004
Socialist Party USA1973
Socialist Action1983
Socialist Alternative1986
Socialist Equality Party1966
Socialist Workers Party1938
Sovereign Union Movement2010
Tea Party of Nevada2010
Transhumanist Party2014
United Citizens Party1969
United Utah Party2017
Unity Party2004
Women’s Equality Party2014
Workers World Party1959
Working Class Party2016
Working Families Party1998

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List of all non-functioning political parties in USA

In United States of America the following political parties are not functioning, hence, they are regarded as a historical parties.

The USA non-functioning political parties are one hundred and nine (109) in number as of 2022 and they are:

#Political Party Name
1A Connecticut Party
2America First Party
3American Labor Party (1932)
4American Labor Party (1936)
5American Party (1844)
6American Party (1924)
7American Party (1969)
8American Republican Party (1843)
9American Vegetarian Party
10American Workers Party
11Anti-Administration party
12Anti-Masonic Party
13Anti-Monopoly Party
14Black Panther Party
15Boston Tea Party
16Citizens Party
17Communist League of America
18Communist Workers Party
19Connecticut for Lieberman
20Constitution Party (1952)
21Constitutional Union Party
22Covenant Party
23Democratic-Republican Party (1792)
24Democratic-Republican Party (1844)
25Farmer–Labor Party
26Federalist Party
27Florida Whig Party
28Free Soil Party
29Freedom Party of New York
30Grassroots Party
31Greenback Party
32Greens/Green Party USA
33Home Rule Party of Hawaii
34Illinois Solidarity Party
35Independence Party
36Independence Party of America
37Independent Grassroots Party
38International Socialist Organization
39Labor Party
40Labor Party of the United States
41Labor–Farm Party of Wisconsin
42Law and Order Party of Rhode Island
43Liberal Party
44Liberal Republican Party
45Liberty Party
46Marijuana Reform Party
47Marxist–Leninist Party, USA
48Minnesota Farmer–Labor Party
49Mississippi Freedom Democratic Party
50Modern Whig Party
51National Democratic Party
52National Party
53National Renaissance Party
54National Republican Party
55National Socialist Party of America
56National States’ Rights Party
57National Union Party
58National Woman’s Party
59New Alliance Party
60New Jersey Conservative Party
61New Party
62New Union Party
63Nonpartisan League
64Nullifier Party
65Opposition Party (Northern)
66Opposition Party (Southern)
67Patriot Party
68People’s Party (1892)
69People’s Party (1971)
70People’s Party (Utah)
71Personal Choice Party
72Populist Party (1984)
73Progressive Democratic Party
74Progressive Party (1912)
75Progressive Party (1924)
76Progressive Party (1948)
77Proletarian Party of America
78Puerto Rican Nationalist Party
79Puerto Rican Socialist Party
80Radical Democracy Party
81Raza Unida Party
82Readjuster Party
83Red Guard Party
84Republican Moderate Party of Alaska
85Silver Party
86Silver Republican Party
87Single Tax Party
88Social Democracy of America
89Social Democratic Party
90Socialist Labor Party of America
91Socialist Party of America
92Southern Party
93Southern Rights Party
94States’ Rights Democratic Party
95Taxpayers Party of New York
96Toleration Party
97Traditionalist Worker Party
98U.S. Labor Party
99Unconditional Union Party
100Union Party
101Unionist Party
102United Christian Party
103Whig Party
104White Patriot Party
105Workers Party of America
106Workers Party of the United States
107Working Men’s Party
108Working People’s Party
109Youth International Party

Non-electoral USA political parties

As we told you earlier, there are two types of political party in USA; electoral and non-electoral political party.

Non-electoral party can’t be used to protest for any political election and they are shown below:

Political partyYear founded
African People’s Socialist Party1972
All-African People’s Revolutionary Party1968
American Nazi party (remnants)1959
Black Riders Liberation Party1996
Committees of Correspondence for Democracy and Socialism1991
Communist Party USA1919
Communist Party USA (Provisional)___
Democratic Socialists of America1982
Freedom Road Socialist Organization1985
Forward Party2021
International Workers Party1974
Movement for a People’s Party2017
National Socialist Movement1974
New Afrikan Black Panther Party2005
New Black Panther Party1989
News and Letters Committees1955
New York State Right to Life1970
Our Revolution2016
Progressive Labor Party1961
Revolutionary Black Panther Party1992
Revolutionary Communist Party, USA1975
Social Democrats, USA1972
Spartacist League1966
World Socialist Party of the United States1916


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