Perhaps, we have different types of Janaba baths and the good news is that we will discuss how to perform any of them with you one by one in this article.
Janaba is an Arabic term that stands for the state of being internally impure. In Islam, anybody that is in the state of Janaba is not permitted to make any act of worship such as praying salat, fasting, or performing pilgrimage.
The types of janaba baths and how to perform them step by step are now discussed below. Please do read them carefully as they also contain a lot of lessons from the Quran and ahadith for your reading pleasure.
Janaba bath (ghusl)
There are about five different types of janaba and the method to perform or bathe them is always one. The five types of janaba baths are:
- Seminal discharge as a result of fainting, thinking sexually deeply, and among others.
- Sexual intercourse.
- A newly converted to Islam.
- Going to eid
- Official prayers such as for the rain to fall or other related reasons.
- Before performing the pilgrimage.
The first and fifth types of janaba baths listed above are compulsory but the sixth ninety ones are recommended for you to do if you can, hence, doing it attracts a great reward from almighty Allah.
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Now, let’s start to explain the types of janaba bath one by one below.
Types of janaba baths and how to perform them
#1. Sexual intercourse
In Islam, having sex with your spouse is generally accepted. In fact, it is an act of worship. After sex, both of the partners are advised to perform ghusl janaba to make them pure for worship.
In Qur’an chapter 6 verse 14, sex within marriage is permitted and socially accepted; but the one outside marriage is prohibited and socially unacceptable.
Verily, there is a big punishment in the hereafter for those who involve themselves in haram sex.
Sexual intercourse is divided into two main types; sex as a religious duty (ibadah) and sex as fornication (dhinah).
In Islam or anything in general, menstruation, also known as a period, is normal vaginal bleeding that occurs as part of a woman’s monthly cycle. Every month, your body prepares for pregnancy.
If no pregnancy occurs, the uterus, or womb, sheds its lining. The menstrual blood is partly blood and partly tissue from inside the uterus.
If a mature nonpregnant woman is a menstruation, that means she is unhealthy, hence she has to find out medicine for her problem.
After two to seven days your menstruation is ended, and you are advised to go and perform janaba ghusl immediately and continue your worship.
You are not needed to make up any of the prayers missed for the time that is ruled as menstruation.
As it is ordered in Qur’an chapter 2 verse 222, don’t allow your spouse to have vaginal sexual intercourse with you during menstruation.
While you are on period, you can recite Quran with the intention of dua from memory.
Read this also: Islamic University of Madinah scholarship 2022.
#3. Seminal discharge
Seminal discharge is the ejaculation of semen, a milky, cloudy fluid that travels through the urethra and out of the penis following sexual stimulation.
It can also occur during any type of sexual activity or while having sexual thoughts. In Islam, once you have ejaculated a sperm, janaba ghusl is compulsory for you if you want to be near Allah in an act of worship.
According to some scholars, they say that Seminal discharge is also known as Madhya, a sticky white fluid that is emitted when a person is thinking of or desiring sexual intercourse.
Since its emission is neither accompanied by feelings of pleasure nor gush out in spurts followed by exhaustion, hence, there is no need to perform janaba bath but only wudu.
Childbirth is another one of the types of janaba baths that a woman should perform after 6 weeks she gave birth to a child. This type of janaba bath is known in the Arabic language as Ghusl Nifas.
Giving birth to a child or in the process of labor is an extremely painful and taxing experience.
Hence after the successful delivery, Muslims should call to prayer or Adhaan whispered into the right ear of the baby and remember to shave his/her hair after forty days.
If you have the means, you can perform a ceremony in seven days after a baby is born. If you can’t do it on the seventh day after the baby is born, you can do it on the 14th day, the 21st day, the 28th day, and so on.
Also remember to give a good name to your child as that is his/her identity in the world and hereafter.
#5. A newly converted Islam person
A man or woman who was an unbeliever before but by the Mercy of Allah he/she was being proselytized and become converted to Islam is needed to be taught how to perform janaba ghusl and encouraged to bathe as well.
Proselytizing someone to accept Islam is good. If they accept, you get rewards equal to their good deeds.
Even if you tell a Muslim good knowledge of the Quran or Sunnah and he/she starts practicing it, you get equal rewards as long as the person does it because knowledge is considered one of the three continuous charities that benefit the person even after death.
In conclusion, encouraging a person who was not a Muslim before to perform janaba bath after he/she has accepted Islam is another one of the types of janaba baths. May Allah help us.
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#6. Going to eid
In Islam, we are also recommended (i.e. it is mustahabb) to perform janaba bath as an act of ibada before Eid prayers.
According to Hanafi scholars, Salat al-Eid is Wajib (obligatory), Hanbali jurisprudence, it is Fard (necessary; often synonymous with Wajib) and according to Maliki and Shafiʽi schools, it is considered to be Sunnah Al-Mu’akkadah (“confirmed Sunnah, “continuously performed and never abandoned”) but not mandatory.
Janaba bath is also recommended to be performed before Jumu’ah prayers, before entering the ihram in preparation for Hajj, after having lost consciousness, and after formally converting.
Sunni Muslims also perform the ablution before Namaz-e-tawbah (Prayer of Repentance).
#7. Juma’a prayer
Juma’a prayer, also known as Friday prayer or Congregational prayer. It is a prayer (ṣalāt) that Muslims hold every Friday, afternoon instead of the Zuhr prayer. It is very rewarding to perform janaba bath before going to the Juma’a prayer.
Through the prayer of Jumma, we get closer to our Lord and He opens the heavenly door of His Rahmat to us.
Every Friday, make sure you are internally pure and making Dua for others who you don’t know because that is one of the exceptional beauties of Islam, and in return, the angels would recommend Allah for you.
Janaba bath for Juma’a prayer is performed in the same way we bathe other types of janaba ghusl, but the only difference is the intention.
#8. Making official prayers
If you are having a specific prayer to make to God such as repentance, or other prayers that seems to be very important to you, you are advised to perform janaba bath before you start. Doing so attracts a huge reward and also makes you near Allah.
As you know, the approach of how to bathe janaba ghusl is the same but their intention differs.
When performing this type of janaba ghusl, remember to have a clear intention.
Read this also: how to choose a husband in Islam (according to Hadith and Qur’an).
#9. Before performing pilgrimage
Pilgrimage performance (Hajj) is also one of the greatest parts of Ibada in Islam. Before going for this pilgrimage worship, if you can perform jababa bath, you will a reward.
The Hajj is an annual Islamic pilgrimage performed in Mecca, Saudi Arabia, the holiest city for Muslims. If you have the means, Hajj is a mandatory religious duty for you to carry out at least once in your lifetime.
Ka’aba was the first House of Worship for mankind, and it was built by Ibrahim and Ismail on Allah’s instructions.
Verily, the first House (of worship) appointed for mankind was that at Bakkah (Makkah), full of blessing, and guidance for mankind.
Types of bathing janaba ghusl
There are two main methods that you can use to perform janaba bath and they are listed and explained below:
#1. Ghusl tartibi
Ghusl tartibi means an ordinal bath and it can be performed in three stages.
After you have washed away the semen or blood from your private part and made your intention, then your body has to be washed in three stages: head down to the neck; then the right side of the body from the shoulder down to the foot, and the left side of the body as we have explained above.
Each part should be washed thoroughly in such a way that the water reaches the skin. Special care should be taken while washing the head; the hair should be combed (e.g., with your fingers) so that water reaches the hair roots.
While washing the right side of the body, some part of the left side must be washed too, and vice versa
#2. Ghusl irtimasi
This means a bath that is involved immersing the whole body in water. It can only be done in a body of water, e.g., a pool, river, lake, or sea.
After washing away the semen or blood from the body and after an intention, the whole body should be completely immersed in the water all at once, not gradually.
You have to make sure that the water reaches all parts of the body, including hair and the skin under it.
In conclusion, Ghusl tartibi is preferred to ghusl irtimasi. Now, which one is easier for you? Please let me know through the comment box.
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